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A resolution is a summary of what a nation aims to do to solve any conflict in question. Resolutions are the core of what is discussed for the entirety of BIGMUN. Therefore, it is necessary that resolutions follow a standardized format, in order to streamline debate. Scroll down and you will find some links to resolutions, whose format you should follow. 


It is recommended that every delegate show up to the conference with at least a couple of operative clauses in hand.


In the Programme you will see that "lobbying time" is allocated to committees, primarily at the start of the conference. Lobbying time is for you to introduce your resolution to other nations, in the hopes that they will be co-submitters of your resolution. A co-submitter is a country that wishes your resolution discussed with the entire committee - this does not, however, mean that they have to be in support of it.


After having found at least one third of the commitee's delegates willing to co-submit a resolution, the main submitter must approach the residing student officer, who will then briefly read the resolution. If it is satisfactory, the main submitter will go to the Approval Panel.


The Approval Panel checks that the resolution conforms to the standardized format, and otherwise corrects mistakes in spelling or formatting. Due to time constraints, there will not always be enough time to debate each resolution. Chairs may be forced to choose, and don't be too discouraged if your resolution isn't cho-sen. You can still submit amendments. Below you can see sample resolutions which explain or show how to structure and word your document.




When creating a resolution, there are special terms that you need to keep in mind. These are the preambu-latory phrases and operative phrases. The preambulatory and operative phrases are the only words allow-ed to start a clause. You can find a list at the bottom of this page.


Preambulatory clauses serve the purpose of being an "introduction" to a resolution, setting the context for why the main submitter wishes to combat the issue. These should be written in italics. Operative clauses, on the other hand, are the "meat" of the resolution and clearly specify what the main submitter aims to implement. These should be underlined and numbered.


Operative clauses:
  • Accepts

  • Acknowledges

  • Adopts

  • Advises

  • Affirms

  • Appeals

  • Appreciates

  • Approves

  • Calls

  • Calls for

  • Calls upon

  • Commends

  • Concurs

  • Condemns

  • Confirms

  • Congratulates

  • Considers

  • Deplores

  • Designates

  • Directs

  • Draws the attention

  • Emphasizes

  • Encourages

  • Endorses

  • Expresses its appreciation

  • Expresses its hope

  • Expresses its regret

  • Has resolved

  • Introduces

  • Invites

  • Notes

  • Notes with satisfaction

  • Proclaims

  • Reaffirms

  • Recalls

  • Recognizes

  • Recommends

  • Regrets

  • Reiterates

  • Reminds

  • Renews its appeal

  • Repeats

  • Solemnly affirms

  • Stresses

  • Suggests

  • Supports

  • Takes note of

  • Transmits

  • Trusts

  • Underlines

  • Underscores

  • Urges

  • Welcomes

No clause may be used twice in the same resolution but one can add words, such as but not limited to: 'Further', 'Strongly', or 'Also', in front of any clause if needed.

Preambulatory clauses:
  • Acknowledging

  • Affirming

  • Alarmed by

  • Approving

  • Aware of

  • Believing

  • Bearing in mind

  • Confident

  • Congratulating

  • Convinced

  • Deploring

  • Desiring

  • Emphasising

  • Expecting

  • Expressing its appreciation

  • Expressing its satisfaction

  • Fulfilling

  • Guided by

  • Having adopted

  • Having considered

  • Having devoted attention

  • Having examined

  • Having received

  • Having studied

  • Keeping in mind

  • Noting further

  • Noting with appreciation

  • Noting with approval

  • Noting with deep concern

  • Noting with regret

  • Noting with satisfaction

  • Observing

  • Pointing out

  • Reaffirming

  • Realizing

  • Recalling

  • Recognising

  • Referring

  • Reminding

  • Seeking

  • Taking into account

  • Taking into consideration

  • Viewing with appreciation

  • Welcoming

No clause may be used twice in the same resolution but one can add words, such as but not limited to: 'Deeply', 'Fully', or 'Further', in front of any clause if needed.

For Security Councils Only

​Operative clauses
  • Authorizes​​

  • ​​Decides

  • Declares

  • Declares accordingly

  • Demands

  • Instructs

  • Requests

  • Requires

Preambulatory clauses
  • Declaring
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